Squid is a high-performance proxy caching server for web clients, supporting FTP, gopher, and HTTP data objects. Unlike traditional caching software, Squid handles all requests in a single, non-blocking, I/O-driven process.
Squid keeps meta data and especially hot objects cached in RAM, caches DNS lookups, supports non-blocking DNS lookups, and implements negative caching of failed requests.
Squid supports SSL, extensive access controls, and full request logging. By using the lightweight Internet Cache Protocol, Squid caches can be arranged in a hierarchy or mesh for additional bandwidth savings.
Squid consists of a main server program squid, a Domain Name System lookup program dnsserver, a program for retrieving FTP data ftpget, and some management and client tools. When squid starts up, it spawns a configurable number of dnsserver processes, each of which can perform a single, blocking Domain Name System (DNS) lookup. This reduces the amount of time the cache waits for DNS lookups.
Squid is derived from the ARPA-funded Harvest project.
Internet object caching is a way to store requested Internet objects (i.e., data available via the HTTP, FTP, and gopher protocols) on a system closer to the requesting site than to the source. Web browsers can then use the local Squid cache as a proxy HTTP server, reducing access time as well as bandwidth consumption.
Harris' Lament says, ``All the good ones are taken."
We needed to distinguish this new version from the Harvest cache software. Squid was the code name for initial development, and it stuck.
Squid is updated often; please see the Squid home page for the most recent versions.
Squid is the result of efforts by numerous individuals from the Internet community. Duane Wessels of the National Laboratory for Applied Network Research (funded by the National Science Foundation) leads code development. Please see the CONTRIBUTORS file for a list of our excellent contributors.
You can download Squid via FTP from the primary FTP site or one of the many worldwide mirror sites.
Many sushi bars also have Squid.
Archives of the various public mailing lists are available for browsing.
Several Squid and Squid-related web pages are available. Go to the Squid home page for information on the Squid software, and the NLANR Cache Project page for much more information on web caching in general.
Squid can proxy SSL requests. By default, Squid will forward all SSL requests directly to their origin servers. In firewall configurations, Squid will forward all SSL requests to one other proxy, defined with the ssl_proxy directive.
From the Squid distribution, README file:
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
The following people have made contributions to this document:
Please send corrections, updates, and comments to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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